Nepal became a republic in 2008. The country has approximately 32 million Inhabitants. Pre-school education; kindergarten (under-5 age group); School education: primary and middle school/secondary education (duration: 12 years, children Aged 5-17); Nepal has a 5-2-3-2 formal education structure. Primary school has an official entry age of five and duration of five grades. Secondary which consists of grades 6? 12, is further divided into three levels: low secondary is called middle school (grades 6-8), secondary (grades 9 and 10), and higher secondary (grades 11 and 12). Students sit for the School-based final examination at the end of grade 5, the District Level examination at the end of grade 8, the School Leaving Certificate (SLC) examination at the end of grade 10, and the Higher Secondary Certificate examination at the end of grade 12. In principle, primary school is not free, but not compulsory. On average, schools are open for a total of 188 days.

Nepal is transitioning to a proposed education structure in which basic education is comprised of grades 1-8 and secondary education is comprised of grades 9-12. National administrative sources often provide education data according to both the current (5-7) structure and the proposed (8-4) system.

For an overview of current education conditions in Nepal, please view our education profiles. Higher education: (children aged 18 and up).The language of instruction in primary and secondary education is Nepalese. Higher Education is offered in both English and Nepalese. The school year runs from April to March. The school year for the final 2 years of secondary education (higher secondary) Starts in June/July. The working week runs from Sunday through Friday. All primary education and the first part of middle school or secondary education (lower secondary – grades All primary education and the first part of secondary education (lower secondary – grades 1-8) is compulsory.

Primary and secondary education Nepalese primary and secondary education is based on the 10+2 system, whereby pupils take a total of 12 years of primary and secondary education. The grades are divided into 4 phases: A. primary level (grades 1-5); B. Middle school / lower secondary (grades 6-8); C. Secondary (grades 9-10), concludes with the School Leaving Certificate (SLC); D. Higher secondary (grades 11-12).School leaving examinations are administered to pupils in grades 8 and 10.

The office of the controller of examinations (oce) is responsible for the slc examinations (grade 10). After obtaining the slc, pupils may continue to higher secondary education (grades 11 and 12).university education previously included grades 11 and 12 (proficiency certificate level offered at tribhuvan university). these grades currently make up part of secondary education and fall under the responsibility of the higher secondary education board (hseb).the hseb was established in 1989 under the higher secondary education act and is responsible for higher secondary examinations (grades 11 and 12). Admission to higher secondary is partly subject to the results of the entrance exam. Each school organizes its own exam in accordance with hseb guidelines. Higher secondary pupils take 5 subjects a year, and generally continue to take the same 3 elective subjects for a 2-year period and 1 additional elective subject for 1 year. The subjects English and Nepalese are compulsory. Pupils can choose from a list of approximately 40 elective subjects, divided over 4 specializations: science; management (also known under the name commerce); humanities; education.

In order to be admitted to the science specialization, pupils must generally have obtained good results (first division) on the SLC. This specialization offers pupils a choice between the general sciences, computer science or agricultural science clusters. In order to be admitted to the other specializations, pupils must generally have obtained second division qualifications for the SLC. All specializations lead to the HSEB Certificate. However, in general only the HSEB Migration Certificate is submitted.

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